The Artemis program is the American government’s plan to establish a permanent human presence in deep space.
The deal makes clear that NASA’s plans to establish a human settlement on the moon will rely heavily on SpaceX’s rockets, which the company has spent years billing as cheaper alternatives to the rockets made by legacy launch providers such as United Launch Alliance, a joint venture between Boeing and Lockheed Martin.
The Falcon Heavy, which looks like three of SpaceX’s workhorse Falcon 9 rockets strapped together, made its debut in 2018, and drew widespread attention for SpaceX CEO Elon Musk’s decision to use his cherry red Tesla roadster as a dummy payload for the Falcon Heavy’s inaugural launch.
The Gateway space station is a key part of NASA’s vision for that mission as well as countless future missions, as the agency is looking to establish a permanent lunar habitat. The Gateway, which will be about one-sixth the size of the International Space Station, will provide astronauts with a command center, work and sleeping quarters. Spacecraft that carry astronauts on lunar journeys will be able to dock with the space station, and from there, they’ll be able to board a lunar lander that will ferry them from the Gateway to the lunar surface.
SpaceX is also one of several companies competing for the contract to build NASA’s Human Landing System, the vehicle that will shuttle astronauts from the Gateway to the moon’s surface.